Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

In his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Alan
Turing devises a test (the imitation game) to assess whether or not machines
can think. The game involves an investigator communicating with both a person
and a computer via typing. The aim is for the investigator to guess which is
the computer and which is the person based on the responses given by each to
the questions asked. If the investigator cannot tell which one is which, then
the computer is to be judged as intelligent. If the machine fails the test,
this implies that its intelligence does not match that of a human being. One
objection that was made is that of consciousness – it states that a machine
cannot match a human brain until it is conscious and moved to act by its own
thoughts and emotions. 


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