Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

As terrified of the dark or if

As a child, we have experienced being terrified of the dark or if a monster was beneath the bed. We made sure to have our parents look before we got tucked in to give us reassurance that nothing is there and it is all in our head. What if I told you fears in today’s society are not about the dark nor the monsters but the constant voice in your head that says, “We are taking you back to your homeland.” “You are not here legally.” These are the fears that 800,000 undocumented immigrants had to live with (Johnson). They are reassured of not hearing those words because of a program called DACA. Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals (DACA) purpose is for undocumented immigrants to have a protection from deportation when they were brought to the United States at a young age. While given this protection, it allows these individuals to have a work permit as well. This program terminates every two years and requires for a renewal. To become eligible for DACA you must meet certain requirements such as: you must be under the age of thirty-one by June 15, 2012, arrive in the United States by your sixteenth birthday, be physically present in the United States on June 15, 2012, no lawful status presented by June 15, 2012, needs to be in school or to obtain a GED and has not been convicted for a felony or any misdemeanors (A Brief History of Civil Rights in the United States: DACA and the DREAM act). In the year 2012, the Obama administration was getting irritated how the DREAM act kept getting denied by both chambers of congress for this act to become a law. After countless tries to get both chambers to come to an agreement, Obama decided to make his own version of this act. President Obama notified The Department of Homeland Security that he would make an executive order for making a program that meets almost the same requirements to the DREAM act. This was the birth start of how DACA came to be (Law). On August 15, 2012 DACA would become active to undocumented immigrants (Hsin). By doing so, more than 800,000 immigrants would be at peace knowing that temporarily the fear of being deported is off their shoulders while being able to work simultaneously. Obama announced in the White House Rose Garden, “They are Americans in their heart, in their minds, in every single way but one: on paper” (Preston, and Cushman). When announcing this program, republicans felt as though Obama violated his legal rights as President. Senator Charles E. Grassley of Iowa mentioned, “The President’s action is an affront to the process of representative government by circumventing Congress and which a directive he may not have the authority to execute”(Preston, and Cushman).  When President Donald Trump was elected on November 8, 2017 the future of DACA became unknown.  The Trump administration is revoking the DACA program and leaving it up to congress to reach a decision (Schallhorn). Just as quick Presidents alter, policies alter just as rapidly. The new policy states that new applicants cannot be acquired for the program unless turning in applications by September 5, 2017. As for the undocumented immigrants that are within the program if their permit ends between when this new policy was issued to March 5, 2018, they can still apply for a two year renewal (Lind). President Trump tweeted, “Congress has now 6 months to legalize DACA. If they can’t I will revisit this issue!” (Johnson). From this act, the future lives of 800,000 individuals are uncertain.President Trump mentioned that DACA is an “illegally amnesty” (Schallhorn).  He feels although that these undocumented immigrants are taking the jobs of the American workers (Stone). The Trump administration announced that DACA will be coming to its last few months unless Congress passes a bill in the next six months stating otherwise (Schallhorn). Supposing that Congress does not pass a bill protecting this program, what does this mean for the economic status of the United States? According to National Academy of Sciences, “Immigration has an overall positive impact on the long-run economic growth in the United States.” The reason why it has such a positive outcome is due to the immigrants’ role which is now both workers as well as consumers. By having an extensive population, this means the economy can generate more goods and services. Ending DACA would lose the government’s revenue while also spoiling taxpayer dollars by deporting thousands of immigrants. Cato Institute and the Center for American Progress predict that the costing of ending DACA will be around hundreds of billions of dollars of gross domestic product. While there are many opportunities that DACA has to offer, one of the most critical factors would be education (Stone).Although DACA can be beneficial to the undocumented immigrants, it can also be an advantage to the country’s educational field. DACA can extend the college enrollment while having academic performance increase as well. By having a work permit, this allows the students who are undocumented able to work while getting an education as well. Given this cause it allows the students to pay for college and finding a reason to stay instead of dropping out. Seeing that education is critical to getting a decent job, it makes furthering their education level a reason to continue their studies (Hsin, et al.). Keeping DACA also means having higher wages for workers. The typical hourly wage raised by sixty-nine percent after immigrants obtain DACA. This caused the wage to go from 10.29 dollars per hour to 17.46 dollars per hour. Individuals that were twenty-five and older, the hourly wage has grown 84 percent since DACA. As this benefits the people, the annual earnings also does the same. Annual earnings do not only affect undocumented immigrants but the tax revenues and economic expansion at the local, state and federal rank as well. The typical annual earnings would be 36,323 thousand dollars and the median annual earning comes out to 32,000 thousand dollars.  Just how it is significant for these immigrants to earn more money, it also is significant for our local and federal government (Wong, et al).Having a work permit is urgently important because many work labor-field jobs. About 91 percent that are employed are under the age 25. As for people who are within DACA that are 25 and older, statistics demonstrate that 93 percent of them are employed as well.  After obtaining DACA, 69 percent have shifted to a better job with better pay. About 56 percent have altered to a better job with safer working conditions (Wong, et al).            While DACA may be seen as a positive program, many individuals view it differently. DACA from the beginning has always been a program with two different viewpoints: positive and negative. What are the negative concepts though? Well, education in college for instance.   As undocumented immigrants go to college increases, the opportunity cost also increases. The reason why this cost increases is due to the fact that DACA applicants are able to work. Given this reason, these applicants could be the only family member that would be able to work legally, meaning that this family member is the only source of income. This causes a sacrifice to their college attendance (Hsin, et al). Overall, DACA benefits the economy of the United States. DACA helps the economy grow as opposed to bringing it down.Taking all this information and knowledge about DACA and whether or not if it will stay, my predictions about this program will be that Congress will find a way to keep it or revise it to their own liking. With all the positives factors that DACA provides for the economy of the United States, I feel as though if Congress does not make this program stay, the economy will go downhill in time. Why end a program that benefits us in the future? As for the employment rate, many shops and businesses will be in need to hire employees because the 800,000 immigrants will have been forced to return to their homeland (Johnson). Not only will this affect the employment rate but the annual hourly wage. From having DACA it was known to cause a higher hourly wage but if this program will be terminated, I strongly believe that some jobs will be lowering their hourly wage. As for the education aspect of it, even though it was a negative factor that comes with it, 72 percent of immigrants that are here legally through DACA are now going after their bachelor’s degree.  These 72 percent of people are now going to have to start all over for a career that they have already been following here in the United States. My belief is that if these 72 percent of people are going to get deported, they will not continue to get an education back in their home country. They would just focus on working and not furthering their education (Wong, et al).With immigrants coming into the United States daily, the percentage of those undocumented hoping for DACA to become their salvation will soon transform into a dream rather than a reality. As we may know it, DACA may be terminated affecting thousands of individuals and families. While not only affecting the lives of the undocumented, it will also affect the country’s culture. A country known as the world’s melting pot will soon take a controversial decision. Lives, jobs, the economy will all feel the effect if the decision to end the DACA progresses.  


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