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Every sure there is no gerrymandering. Gerrymandering

Every
10-year electoral districts go through a process called Redistricting. This
process happens to account for population changes or shifts of the earlier
decade. These new districts must be approved by the representatives or state
legislators, the governor, and the state courts. There are things that a
district must follow to pass the process. A redistricting process must follow
all these to pass the courts.

            Redistricting must be passed by
state legislators, the governor, and the state courts. State legislators must
agree on the new electoral districts by a majority vote. Then the new districts
are passed to the governor. The governor must sign off the new districts, then
it will be sent to the state courts. In the courts they look at the districts
to make sure there is no gerrymandering. Gerrymandering comes in many different
ways. Cracking and Packing gerrymandering is sometimes used. Cracking is the “spreading
like-minded voters apart across multiple districts to dilute their voting power
in each. This denies the group representation in multiple districts.” (Messages from Mission 2:
Partisan Gerrymander) Packing is the concentration
of like-minded voters together in one district to reduce their voting power in
other districts. This gives the group representation in a single district while
denying them representation across districts.” (Messages from Mission 2: Partisan Gerrymander) There are two types of gerrymandering, partisan and
bipartisan. Partisan gerrymandering is when the opposing party tries to
gerrymander the opponent’s incumbents out of office. Bipartisan gerrymandering
is when both parties make an agreement to maintain statues quo. The state
courts also check to make sure the districts have population equality,
contiguity, census, and compactness. Population equality makes sure that the
population is equal in each district. This is normally between 640,000 and
650,000 people. These new districts must have continuity. This means that a
district must be in one piece or completely connected. They must have
compactness or districts should not extend to far away from the center of a
district. Another requirement is that it must meet a census. All these
requirements make it hard to create districts to fit the needs of each party.
Many party’s resort to gerrymandering to get what they want. This is why there
are many steps to go through to make sure redistricting is fair for all parties
involved.

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            The process of redistricting is a
very long process. The legislators, governor, and state courts must approve it.
These groups of people check to make sure all the requirements are met such as,
population equality, contiguity, or compactness. They also make sure there is
no gerrymandering, such as the cracking or packing types of gerrymandering. 

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