Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

Honorable and have maximum profit, industries are

Honorable Chairs, fellow delegates, and members of the United Nations,  The Delegate of Japan strongly recommends UNHRC to discuss appropriate actions to be taken regarding the issue of slavery and labor abuse in fishing sector in South Asia.       Fishing has been the world oldest industry, dating back at least 40,000 years. Fishing requires to be out into the sea, the wild. There are lots of requirements in order for a successful fishing; vessels, equipment, and labor. However, in the status quo, as like other natural resources, due to overfishing, the fish population has and is decreasing. The demands for fish are increasing, alerting fishing industries. To meet the demands and have maximum profit, industries are now seeking cheap labor. They use numerous schemes to achieve it, such as human trafficking or kidnapping.  Human trafficking refers to the illegal practice of trading in human beings for the purpose of prostitution, forced labor, or other forms of exploitation. The process of these human trafficking are various. A recruiter may coax laborers, promising them a wellcompensated job, but then bringing them to fishing vessels, and force them to work for prolonged times with very little money. Those who are forced to work don’t only work long hours with minimum income. They are constantly abused, both physically and mentally. Forced to work in poor conditions continuously, they get beatings and physical confinements with chains.  For instance, in Thailand, a large number of workers were traded in an inhumane way. To ensure that the laborers didn’t escape, the captain took their ID cards, but when they got it back the cards were fake, leaving them no way of getting back to their home. During their enslavement, some say they have watched their fellow slaves executed in front of their very eyes. Furthermore, Thai government figures state that 145,000 are working in a fishing industry, with 80% of them being migrant workers. More than 200,000 of them may also be trafficked. Recent investigations also claim that slaves are often kidnapped by brokers, who sell them to Thai boat captains for $500 to $1,000 per slave. Victims frequently commit crimes, impacting their reintegration to the society. Victims, after they are free, are likely to be victimized again, since they have a mindset that they can never be more than a slave. There are people who had desire to earn money to support their living and, never realizing that they would end up in fishing vessels, suddenly becoming slaves. There has been previous actions regarding this issue. The UN posited that the 2014 Protocol to the International Labor Organization Convention on Forced Labor and its Convention 188 on Work in Fishing can help arouse consumer awareness and media attention, thus helping find a solution. ILO Convention No.18 is a convention which aims to ensure that fishing vessels have decent living conditions on board. The FAO Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA)’s main purpose is to prevent illegal, unreported, unregulated (IUU) fishing through port state measures.        Currently in Japan, there are several attempts to solve the problem of human trafficking, both in and out of the country. The Japanese government has tried to offer up protection and prevention for the victims. Trafficking Victims are placed in existing shelters. The government also pays for the victims’ health care and helps them to return to the country of their birth. These shelters have been criticized for not offering counseling in languages other than Japan. However, the Japanese government dispersed 500,000 copies of a brochure in many languages for trafficking victims seeking help. In result, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) stated that they helped bring back home 50 trafficked women with the government’s support. The government has also donated $2 million to the International Labor Organization (ILO) for anti-trafficking efforts in Thailand and the Philippines. These are not enough to completely prevent further crimes including human trafficking. The delegation of Japan would like to state that laborers being trafficked should be saved and brought back home. Furthermore, UNHRC needs to find a way to not only help them but ensure that the abuse and slavery doesn’t happen again. In order to do so, the United Nations Human Right Council should discuss following actions to be conducted to respond against fishery throughout the region. First, we should develop ways to enhance security in areas to investigate possible cases of slavery in fishing industry. In addition, strong legal foundation must be established to implement appropriate action against criminals involved in slavery. A certification policy may also be useful in terms of companies wanting to have a good image to consumers. These certifications can differentiate from the range of abuse. To earn the certification, the company would have to stop human trafficking, abuse, and slavery. The Japanese delegation is looking forward to fruitful discussion upon above matters throughout the conference.       


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