Impact of Climate Change on Trekking
Tourism in Nepal
General objective is to know and understand the impacts of climate change in
1) To elaborate the impact of climate change in environmental
2) To study their level of center addition to their interest in
climate change adjustment
3) To study
the effect of less snow in a Mountain area and direct impact on tourism sector.
Nepal is landlocked country
surrounded by India in east, west and southern side and the Tibetan region of
china on the northern side.8 out of 10 highest mountain peaks in the world lies
in north boarder of Nepal. Along with different other heritage of Nepal, its
cold weather is also the strong attraction. Mountains hold vast number about
ice which would hugely reservoirs about freshwater in frozen form which
maintains a perennial flow of the major rivers of Nepal and also Ganges in
India. (Shrestha and Aryal, 2011). As a result, changes in the hydrology of
Nepalese streams because of deglaciation could have territorial outcomes for
water asset accessibility.
According to Sharma, 2011,
Environmental change is as of now an advancement reality in South Asia. Climate
strategies in South Asia should be customized to particular dangers and nation
advancement needs, interest in information, concentrate on poor people,
elevating provincial participation to address regular dangers. This call for
composed answers for mutually addresses shared issues. There is a high
likelihood that the least-developed countries (LDCs) and individuals already
identify the most helpless will be seriously influenced. The issue is far
reaching from neighborhood towns to the urban focuses. The people living in
highland of Nepal (Khumbu area in Everest region) say that they are facing
problem and effect like; drought, loss of productivity, not favorable weather
conditions etc. . Besides these, they have also a fear about the extreme events
like erosion, GLOFs (Glacier Lakes Outburst Floods) etc. Because of the
delicate mountain geology and the underprivileged financial conditions, the
indigenous individuals of this locale are more powerless against the natural
dangers. Nepal’s geography makes it more powerless than most nations to the
negative effects of environmental change. The style of political lack of confidence,
advancement unhappiness, negative management and debasement are powering the
environment emergency in Nepal
The impact of environmental
change in Nepal is going out of its boundaries. Sharma, 2011 likewise asserted
that Political basic leadership in Nepal is distinctively unified in the
capital Kathmandu with a best down approach. This has been faulted as the
reason for backwardness and yet bilateral and multilateral agencies continue to
support such structure.
According to Burki et al 2003,
Over last 100 years Global temperature has increases about 0.6- 1°C. The end of nineties was the
warmest over last centuries and there is a high possibility of increasing
global temperature in future. In the same way Mountain area are affected due to
climate change. Climate is only one of many factors influencing snow tourism,
whenever there is a less snow in the mountain area the big problem arises in
the winter tourism industry. This study also metaphor having no snow in
mountain with like having summer without sea. The tourism industry gets into
troubled because of not snowing and profit is scarcely possible. The greatest
mountain lies in Nepal and in the same way, the natural beauty is also the
attraction of it having, all said that there is a problem in the ground level
of Nepalese political system. The mountain and the natural heritage lies in the
rural part of the country and the development level is very less, The
consideration of government is less and thus absence of viable administration,
Transparency help alongside the low quality of correspondence of improvement
offices and association with the rural people.(Sharma, 2011).
The impact of climate change
affected the tourism mostly in the same way as the rapid reduction in glacier
has great future implication for downstream water resources. Continuous
variation in climate change also leads to the shortage of water, impact on
river flow, natural disaster and affect the water ecosystem. (Eriksson et al
2009). In the same way they mention that, the atmosphere in Himalaya show
extraordinary atmosphere fluctuation. The Mountain goes about as a boundary to
barometrical Circulation for both the mid-year storm and winter westerlies.
Both summer and winter overwhelms the atmosphere. According to Sunlu, 2003 when
the level of visitors increase than the environmental ability it can lead to
potential threat to many natural areas around the world. It can also increase
the pollution, impact on soil erosion, discharges into the sea. In the same
way, it may also lead to increase in pollution the water resources too.
Sharma, S.K., 2011. The
political economy of climate change governance in the Himalayan region of Asia:
a case study of Nepal. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 14, pp.129-140.
Shrestha, A.B. and Aryal,
R., 2011. Climate change in Nepal and its impact on Himalayan glaciers. Regional Environmental Change, 11(1), pp.65-77.
Eriksson, M., Xu, J.,
Shrestha, A.B., Vaidya, R.A., Santosh, N. and Sandström, K., 2009. The changing Himalayas: impact of
climate change on water resources and livelihoods in the greater Himalayas. International center for integrated
mountain development (ICIMOD).
Bürki, R., Elsasser, H. and
Abegg, B., 2003, April. Climate change-impacts on the tourism industry in
mountain areas. In 1st
International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism (pp. 9-11).
Sunlu, U., 2003.
Environmental impacts of tourism. In Conference on the Relationships between Global Trades and
Local Resources in the Mediterranean Region.