Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

Jane society as a whole. Charlotte’s Bronte’s,

Jane Eyre Maximilian Joseph Put one crab in a pot the crab can get out with ease. However, when you put two crabs in a pot one tries to escape however the other crab grabs on the the other crab and tries to use it to climb out.  This way neither of them get out. Now consider Marxist theory  Marxism you could argue that this shows the Burgeusious class Riding on the back of The lower and middle class dragging them down so they can achieve more:Captialism. However if they both pulled their own weight then they could both climb out: Communism.  Capitalism and Communism, that is the order of change displayed in Karl Marx’s theory of economic development in a Society.  The transition in the economy and society which Britain saw during the  Victorian era are place within the framework of the novel, like the poverty, riots, slums and poor working conditions for women.  It hints at the fact that economic classes and social classes were not as set in stone as certain people(Capitalist white men) wanted them to be. That economic relationship established an important part of the people and the society as a whole. Charlotte’s Bronte’s, Jane Eyre  presents a realistic picture of the changing dynamics of the class structures in Victorian England during in the 1830? to 1840?.Jane Eyre, begin at capitalist gateshead where she was raised to believe that the richer the person the prettier and smarter they are, Since she was broke and a orphan that she should look up to her cousins:Georgiana,Eliza ,and especially John Reed who makes Jane refer to him as Master Reed. She was also raised with patriarchal beliefs. That men were the head of the household, carry the most power and  the family linage and wealth passes through the man of the family. This was a common practice in the Late 19th century. Bronte depicts this when John Reed catches Jane reading “his” books. “You  have  no  business  to  take  our  books;  you  are  a  dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen’s children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama’s expense. Now, I’ll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they ARE mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years.”(14).It is obvious  that Mrs. Reed’s children are well aware of the class difference and on top of that the servants of the household even attempt to conform and teach Jane this hierarchy of People who have and others who haven’t.  Bessie tells Jane:”…you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because Missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money, and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them “(18).Jane is being taught that she through her own hard work and determination she cannot move up through the class structure. Instead, she is taught the importance of humility and the inability to change her situation through her own hard work. She will have to be a “Golddigger” in a sense and kiss up to the rich,men and be exploited for his own personal gain.   Jane is cast off to Lowood, a charity school for orphan girls by Ms Reed, a classic capitalist move to cut costs no matter the costs to others.  At Lowood the girls are underfed and overworked which later caused a typhus outbreak. Since they were at the very bottom of the social hierarchy then they were treated as such. Because of these all wretched conditions, many women turned to religion to cope with the pain. Marx maitains, “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people”. (Karl Marx, Tyson).  However, Jane Eyre  didn’t turn to religion at Lowood however she turned to her own moral compass and her studies.  Right before she leaves Lowood she gets a visit from Bessie and she learns how all of the Reeds aren’t making anything of themselves. Bessie says, Jane has “‘Oh, you are quite a lady, Miss Jane! I knew you would be: you will get on whether your relations notice you or not” Bessie(173). The idea of an orphan maintaining the most value is what Karl Marx believed was the primary flaw to capitalism. That labor was the primary input and creator of value however he believed that capitalists created an inefficiency by  skimming the value of the labor to create a capital item like a machine when instead that value should go to the people building or operating the machine. That workers would get the value of increased productivity if you eliminated the capitalists. The theory was people would be better off because everyone would “work” and receive an undiluted by capitalists return on their work. Since capitalists didn’t “work” they created no value in his mind since labor was the ultimate creator of value. Also, Since wealth passed through the man of the household, all the wealth stayed in one class.  Since Jane had seen the impacts that capitalist greed for wealth has on a person she began to resent this belief and turn to communism. Then when she begins to fall for Rochester, a man that is like the direct representation of a capitalist man one who values material possessions and embodies everything she hates. She hesitates against marriage because what if he was going to use her for his own personal gain, or she was just another conquest for him; like Bertha. These worries are “sexage”: oppression due to direct physical appropriation (reduction of women to the state of material objects) – (the appropriation of women’s time, bodies, sexual obligation, and obligation to care for whichever members of the family can’t care for themselves as well as for healthy male family members)(Tyson). Finally, when Rochester was refined by god you could argue he was ready to marry Jane because of his humility. When she comes in to wealth through inheritance, she doesn’t keep it all for herself.  However she gives the money away. She saw how coming in to wealth without earning it through work like a Burgeusious class; was unfair, and changes people for the worst. She wanted to make sure that money had no weigh in the decisions that she made when she married rochester or in another situation. Something that happens in a communist society because everyone has relative the same possession in theory.  So people marry people for who they are not what they can provide for you. Since she was equal or better to rochester both spiritually, Emotionally, financially, intellectually, and, finally physically he provided only love and company to her. Charlotte Bronte ends the book with st. John’s last letter to Jane:’My Master,’ he says, ‘has forewarned me. Daily He announces more distinctly,—’Surely I come quickly!’ and hourly I more eagerly respond,—’Amen; even so come, Lord Jesus!”  This represents the last hit of opium for the last oppressed person. For, capitalism and religion were of the past. Now, society worshiped new ideals and their own moral compass. It was a dawn of a new society where people could finally climb out of the pot that had kept them confined and live without any person riding on their backs. It was Communism.


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