? ORIGINS, FRUITION AND MERGING OF FEDERAL SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN.
? INTERIM CONSTITUTION 1947 AND ITS UNIQUE FEDERAL SYSTEM.
? CONSTITUTION 1956_THE ONE UNIT SCHEME.
? THE MARTIAL LIST OF 1962.
? OUTCOMES OF THE PAKISTAN’S UNIQUE FEDERAL SYSTEM 1970-72.
? ONCE MORE TO FEDERALISM_ CONSTITUTION 1973.
? GENERAL ZIA’S FEDERAL SYSTEM 1977-88.
? THE FLUCTUATING CIVIL RULE OF 1988-99 AND ITS SWINGING FEDERAL SYSTEM.
? ADMINISTRATION OF GENERAL PARVEZ MUSHARRAF 1999-2008.
? RENAISSANCE OF CIVIL RULE.
? BALUCHISTAN IN THE FEDERAL SYSTEM OF PAKISTAN.
? THE 18TH AMENDMENT.
? PAKISTANI FEDERALISM V/S INDIAN FEDERALISM.
? FEDERALISM AND ISLAM.
ORIGINS, FRUITION AND MERGING OF FEDERAL SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN.
In the federal administration, contrasting the unitary administration, there are two sets of governments i.e. the central government and the provincial government, and the constitution is believed to the supreme authority. In any ordinary federal administration, the constitution outlines the authorities and distribute the supreme powers of state between the central and provisional governments (Ahmed & Faiz, 2016). Both the governments enjoy certain amount of supremacy and authority in their respective domain of powers (Haque, 1959). The best example of federalism can be seen in USA, Russia, and Canada (Ahmed & Faiz, 2016).
On the eve of 14th of august 1947, Pakistan got independence from the British rule. The migrant the political party i.e. Muslim league was offered the leadership of the newly born multi-ethnic state (Shah, 2015). Muslim league decided to adopt the government of India act 1935, with certain amendments, as the interim constitution of the country. The federalism proposed by the interim constitution was highly centralized and gave very little autonomy to the federating units, much of like the one in British India during the British rule (Shah, 2015).
Pakistan got its first constitution in 1956
INTERIM CONSTITUTION 1947 AND ITS UNIQUE FEDERAL SYSTEM:
The conditions of the newly born state after the independence were very severe. It was facing huge economic and defense crisis, there was no good establishment and above all the country faced biggest catastrophe of time, it had to recover everything as earliest as possible. The first thing to start with was having a constitution for the country. For this, the league leadership decided to start up with the formation of a constituent assembly. Quaid-e-Azam M.A. Jinnah was elected as the first president of the assembly on 11th of august 1947. The constituent assembly was assigned the very responsible task of formation of the constitution of Pakistan. T a modified version of Government of India Act 1935 as the interim constitution as of the country.
But as the interim constitution was inherited from the
PAKISTANI FEDERALISM V/S INDIAN FEDERALISM.
The Republic of India established just with a gap of a single day on 15th of August 1947 than Pakistan. But instead of only adopting the Government of India Act 1935, she brought up Indian Independence Act 1947 that was an extract of the Indian Councils Acts that happened in years of 1858, 1861, 1892, 1909 and the Government of India Act of 1919 and the Government of India Act of 1935 as well (Shahid, 2015).