Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

People 2.3% depression of wages in the

       People have a choice of searching for a
job that meets their needs. This could be better payment a job that utilizes
their skills optimally. It’s for this reason that immigrants move to other countries
in search for employment to cater for this needs. Payment is usually in terms
of wages or salaries depending on the job. Research by Tessa Berenson, (2016)
says that immigrants can’t reduce the chances of natives getting employed.  Only prior immigrants are affected by the
entry of new immigrants. Others believe high immigration rates cheapen labor.
This may be true if we have to consider the Brookings institute report of 1980
to 2007 which said that immigration only caused a 2.3% depression of wages in
the host country. According to David Card (2007), increased immigration has a
small negative effect on the relative wages of low skilled native workers and a
small positive overall effect.  Total
immigration to the United States between 1990 and 2007 indicated a 6.6% to 9.9%
increase in real income per worker. (Giovanni Peri, 2009).  Another argument is that undocumented
immigrant’s lower wages by approximately 3 to 8% of low skilled jobs. Americans
who compete with immigrants for these jobs make an additional of 25$ a week but
it’s also true that first generation immigrants can earn more than native born
citizens, (Tessa Berrenson, 2016). In a bureau census survey of 2012, the
center for immigration studies estimated that average welfare cost of a
household headed by a legal or illegal immigrant was $6,234 and $5,692
respectively. This was higher than the average cost of household headed by a
natural born citizen whose cost was $4,431. Immigrants also received more cash,
food and medical welfare, (Ben Rosen, 2016). Wages paid to undocumented workers
in low skill positions cuts down production costs lowering prices for the
American consumer in industries like Agricultural products, restaurants and
construction.

                                                          
Culture.

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         Customs and traditions of a person can
be affected due to change of environment. This can result when the person
adopts the tradition of the place to which he moves to. The traditions of the
natives of that place can also be altered if they embrace the lifestyle of this
newcomers. Britain for example boasts of a very rich tradition involving around
architecture, football, cinema, literature and history and British food. Over the
years, Britain has received immigrants who have different traditions to the
British ones. This is common to immigrants of Asian origin. (Annett Handle,
2016). There is also a group of immigrants who have secluded themselves from
the British culture and continue to hold onto their traditions. Most Asian
communities have adopted the British lifestyle. This is always observed during
festive seasons like Christmas where they also celebrate by buying gifts,
decorating their houses and preparing traditional meals on that special day.
Native Asians have a different culture basing on their religious believes. There
has been however adoption of immigrant’s culture by the British natives. This is
as a result of mass immigration of individuals from different countries with different
traditions. The presence of so many blacks and Asian people for example has
introduced a new array of norms. Native Britons got exposed to the sounds of
Jamaica and food from India. Youths in particular embraced music and culture of
the black immigrants. These black immigrants were however not accepted by
everyone. They faced a lot of racial discrimination which led to the 1980 race
riots. (Pitlane Magazine, 2018).  This has
also been observed in culturally diverse and immigrant receiving communities. They
are discriminated in different ways which include; socially distancing of their
culture and customs, deliberate exclusion from the labor market, harassment and
death of their leaders etc.  those who
discriminate are always afraid of losing their identity which they see to be
superior to that of immigrants.

                                                         
Conclusion

      Immigration as discussed is seen to have both
detrimental and positive effects on the economy, culture, control frontiers and
employment. The economy of most countries in UK has been affected the most. It is
seen that immigrants in large numbers has caused overcrowding in the cities
which has surpassed supply of housing. This has strained the economy as the
available houses have become more expensive than before. The increase in
numbers has also led to increase in the number of cars being purchased. This is
both detrimental to the environment due to pollution and to the economy as jams
slow down production by delaying factors of production. Roads are also largely
affected and since houses are being erected everywhere to take care of the
increasing population, it will be difficult finding space to build roads. Immigrants
who leave the country back to their native countries also leave with remittances
taking away resources needed to build the economy. Control frontiers has been
strengthened over the years to cub against illegal immigration of refugees. This
is because most terrorists enter the country claiming they are refugees then
cause terror attacks. Right now it is very hard to be granted asylum in
industrialized nations because of security concerns. The countries prefer
protecting their own native citizens against harm from the outside. Employment has
also been affected in various ways. Skilled immigrant employees have been seen
to reduce wages of semi-skilled immigrants and natives who only have a high school
diploma. In USA for example, immigrants are treated and earn better than
natives. This is because they on average receive more cash, medical and food
welfare. Culture also has had its effects on the UK traditions. This is where
by some traditions have been absorbed leading to abandonment of other
traditions. This however has not been done smoothly as most people have faced
discrimination based on their cultural diversity. Blacks for example have been
greatly affected due to racial discrimination. Others have also been affected
where by the natives have ill -treated them with the fear that they might lose
their traditions. On the other hand, some immigrants have refused or are unable
to integrate culturally thus embracing their own culture which tends to brush
shoulders with the natives’ culture. Immigration therefore needs to be
controlled for purposes of the natives.

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