social conditioninghow McMurphy has been pressured into being who the ward wants him to bethrough interviews and other evidences it seems that to Ken Kesey, the loss of individuality is basically insanity,so maybe McMurphy conforming to the ward’s wishes like a ‘zombie’ is a loss of sanitysocially imposed roles rather than individual choice- for both McMurphy and Nurse Ratchedbottom of page 205 to middle of page 210psychology of conformityMcMurphy conforms to the expectations placed on him by the wardmaybe during IOP give example of conformity, by conducting small and fast experiment that hits home the pointthe difference that has to be resolved- conformity in this case does not refer to McMurphy becoming like the ward membersit instead refers to McMurphy accepting his hero- protector role given by the wardmaybe refer to the asch experiments paradigm- instead of conducting experiment merely explain itORconduct experiment- speak to Matt beforehand, ask everyone to stand facing a particular direction when the last studentwalks in, observe conformity- whether the last student faces the same directionone of the criticisms of conformity experiments is they cannot explain why people conform- however for the purposes ofOFOTCN this is irrelevant- what matters is that people do infact conformthroughout the novel, McMurphy becomes more and more of a conformer, but the Chief becomes more and more individual. Him regaining his individualityNurse conforms to outside society, but McMurphy conforms to inside society- then when they face off, maybe neither of them is really the bad guy- maybe it’s just the pressures of conformity by varying groups?!disclaimer about conformity- the difference between conformity and obedience. Conformity refers to an individual in the group following either what the rest of the group does or what the rest of the group wants him to do. Obedience is when a third party authority lays down a law and the entire group follows it. Conformity is internal, obedience is external.how do we define what is normal? explanation using bell curve. In the essence of it, conformity (being in that middle section of the bell curve- normal distribution)is normal. CONFORMITY=NORMALCY=SANITY in this case.conforming.at multiple levels- MCMURPHYmcMurphy conforms to the expectations of ward members- he becomes who they want him to be.in the outside world, conformity is sanity- people who do not conform are the insane ones.but the problem here is that by conforming, though MM did conform, he didn’t conform in the sense he didn’t become oneof them, he didn’t become a rabbithe merely conformed to the pressure of who they wanted him to be. he was also given a chance to regain his ownindividuality- he found out he was committed and that they had been conning him, and that’s when he started to re-evaluatewhether what he was doing (fighting for the ward) was worth fighting for. This was his chance- he had the info and thetime to re-evaluate his conforming.Later when he finds out that most of the men on the ward aren’t committed, he can’t understand something- on page 168 ‘Idon’t seem to be able to get it straight in my mind.’ This thing he cannot understand is the pressure of conforming thatthe men on the ward face- something he is facing now, subconsciously, without ever knowing it.On Page 164 he says that getting rid of Nurse ‘wouldn’t be getting shut of the real deep down hang-up that’s causing thegripes.’ When Harding asks him ‘What is this deep-down hang-up, as you so cleverly put it?’, McMurphy says “I tell you,man. I don’t know. I never seen the beat of it.” Here it is clear- this deep down hang up is the Combine.He can feel the real enemy now, but he hasn’t identified it- it’s the same as how the Chief calls the enemy the Combine.This real enemy is the power of conformity, and the dynamics of group pressure.Throughout the book, conformity/ the Combine is the enemy to the narrator (Chief’s mind). The way it is presented when they go on thefishing trip (Page 205) and he looks outside and everyone is identical, everything they do is identical Maybe in presentation raise the point- who is the real enemy in the book? the antagonist? is it Nurse Ratched? Is itMcMurphy? Is it the Combine? And what is the combine? the chief calls it the combine- referring to it that way hides the real social, cutural and psychological enemy.the combine is really just another way of saying conformity.everyone inside the ward is rejects of the combine- those who weren’t able to conform, who didn’t fit inbut the irony to display in the presentation is that even inside the ward, the combine is still at play, and conformity-the real enemy- has still not been defeated.proof of what the ward is subconsciously doing compared to EST- on page 161, the EST center is described as “and it leadsto that metal door. With the line of rivets.” Then on Page 168, the ward members are looking at MM: “He stands there a minutewith the rows of eyes aimed at him like a row of rivets.”This eerie similarity is comparing the ward members to a form of EST- while EST is used to make people conform to the outside, the ward members’ EST is to make MM conform to the inside.The scary thing is that this ward EST works- McMurphy conforms, and again picks up the role of the ward hero, their champion.On Page 180, the Chief’s Papa giving his take on conformity.NURSE conformity has already acted upon the nurse- she has probably lost that chance long before the events of the book.however McM has opportunities to break out of the conformational bind inside the ward- when he receives new information.she is an agent of the conformity of the outside, and MM has become an agent of the conformity of the inside. They are pitted against one another, and therefore the final showdown between them results in similar outcomes.ANALYSIS OF THIS ENTIRE THEMEIn the novel, the enemy is quite clearQuote by Scanlon sums it up quite well- ‘Hell of a life. Damned if you do and damned if you don’t. Puts a man in one confounded bind, I’d say.’According to Kesey and the novel, if you don’t conform you’re damned. And if you do conform, you’ve lost your individuality. The book and its magnitude are saddening, and Scanlon’s quote, through highlighting the problem also conveys a sense of helplessnessand bleakness- if there are alternatives, we don’t know.