Taylor 1Music is an important addition to the improvement of young people’s minds. There are many, many different types of music. Different types of music affect different parts of the brain. The music has a positive effect that helps children improve their skills in the classroom. The positive effects of music on academic achievement may differ depending on if it is instructional music, music integrated with other disciplines or background music. Instructional music is widespread throughout the country. Music instruction has its many positives effects, but one of the main one effects is motivation. Students were more motivated to complete their work when music was included in their work. “According to Weisskoff (1981) students who received the music condition scored significantly higher with regard to continue motivating.” (Eady and Wilson 2) Students who are usually had no inspiration to continue had the extra push to get through and finish their task.(Eady and Wilson 2) Knowing different types of music and listening to them is the beginning of a basic knowledge of all work.” Gardner (1983) identifies musical intelligence as one of the seven basicbits of intelligence. Therefore, music may help students learn more and more effectively.” (Eady and Wilson 1) The connection between instructional music and education was put to the test. The purpose of their study was to scrutinize the correlation between music instruction and mathematics achievements scores from 6th-grade students at an Atlanta public school. (Sharpe 1) The statistics accumulated from 109 6th graders who took part in the experiment. 81 of the 109 didn’t receive any music instruction and 28 of the 109 received instruction through band, chorus, or orchestra. (Sharpe 1) Many ranges of scores were collected. (Sharpe 1) The 2008 school year was used for a pretest and 2009 was used for posttest data. Results skyrocketed between the two groups. (Sharpe 1)The students Taylor 2who received music instruction during the year averaged 12 points higher than the students who didn’t. (Sharpe 1) These results concluded that some of the public schools in Atlanta might be able to increase test scores by having a quality music program every year. (Sharpe 1) The integration of music instruction throughout school curriculums in America provides that extra push of motivation. Pop music, education rap, and Jazz are the go-to genres when it comes to music instruction. “Popular music was found to improve students attitudes towards history and subject matter knowledge in a study done by McTeer and Bailey(1980).” (Eady and Wilson 3) “Educational rap music provides motivation for students of Sonja Burdix (as cited in Merlina, 1993) Indianapolis, Indiana.” (Eady and Wilson 3) Music integration with education can possibly date back as far as Greek Times. “Early Greek education emphasized rhetoric and mathematics, athleticism, the visual arts, and music.” (Catteral and Rauscher 172) Musical instruction is a vital part of the connection between music and academic achievements. Music can also connect through other disciplines.Other disciplines may simply consist of music education such as music classes and the history of music in itself. “An educational program injecting music across the curriculum at four inner-city elementary schools is entering its second year, buoyed by a glowing report card from Columbia University.” (Toto 1) After inserting music into their curriculum their result blew up. Report cards show how great the addition of adding the music curriculum was. “The New York-based university found that the program increased students’ attention spans and decreased absenteeism, among other positive results.” (Toto 1) Not only did it help increase students’ focus in the classroom and also made the kids want to go to class. This can trace back to music helping Taylor 3students stay motivated. Music has its greatest effects on younger aged kids. The younger they are the easier it is to influence them. In the opening study, 30 minutes singing lessons were given to 5 3-year-olds from an inner city daycare. (Learning 1) Also, another 5 kids were given 15 minutes of piano lessons a week. (Learning 1) After 6 months of these lessons, all of the kids showed a significant improvement in completing a puzzle within a time limit. (Learning 1) Cognitive skills may have a direct correlation between thinking within the borders of schoolwork and just using your brain to complete tasks like puzzles. From the information from a not yet published study, inner-city kids’ scores were given initially below average but after the music training the scores nearly doubled. (Learning 1) Music can possibly benefit college kids too. Dr.Rauscher and her research team saw that 36 college student took an IQ test, the ones that listening to 10 minutes of Mozart rather than listening to a 10-minute relaxation tape or no music scored 9 points higher. (Learning 2) Music may simply be an effective way to help students with cognitive skills. Background music while completing work can be the final intriguing part of the research.Background music is what many kids use today to complete work. Whether it’s homework or maybe even class work if they are allowed to. Not only is it used with academic work, it’s also used in local grocery stores, restaurants, shopping malls, and even doctor’s offices. (Academic 18) “Some students claim that they are able to study and learn more effectively with music in the background” (Academic 18) This statement proves that some kids prefer having music in the background while doing work. A study has shown that background music has its effects on different aspects of school such as language arts, mathematics, and even science. Taylor 4″Researchers investigated the effects of background music on spelling word retention of elementary school students (Anderson et al., 2000). They found that spelling test scores and report card grades improved after listening to background music.” (Learning 18 and 19) The background music had an effect on the student ability to relax their brain to be able to spell words correctly. A study was put to the test with kids that had emotional and behavioral difficulties. “The researchers found that background music of a ‘calming nature’ significantly improved math performance and significantly decreased rule of breaking behavior of children with emotional and behavioral difficulties.” (Academic 20) This study proved that background music significantly increased math scores and also calmed them down more. A study was also completed to see the effects of background music with science and more positive results came about because of it. “A significant increase in on-task performance was found for male subjects and for the total class.” (Academic 20) The results for the females didn’t change much because the on-task performance was already high before (99%) and during it increased slightly (99.4%). Music has its effects in every way, shape, or form. With the research found, it may just possibly be proven that music as an all-around significant effect on students. Music is an important part of education, believe it or not. Whether it’s music instruction, music integrated with other disciplines or even background music it has its effects. Different forms and types of music have different effects on the brain. Some parts are more triggered by the music than others. Without the innovation of music in schools, students would have a much harder time staying “in tune” with their potential of intelligence!