Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

The in the gums, or some people

The heavily deadly drug Cocaine, comes from the coca plant in South America is very powerful drug which is taken in by human body in multiple way such as, snorting, rubbing in the gums, or some people put it in water and inject it into their bloodstream. Cocaine has a lot of different street names a few of them are: blow, coke, crack, rock, and snow. The drug Blow is a very illegal drug, and was made illegal in the early 1920s. The drug cocaine or know as Blow on the streets most commonly is in class B which means it come a couple penalties such as a fine of one thousand dollars and up to one year in jail. The drug cocaine has many effects both long term effects and short term effects. The short term effects include extreme happiness and energy, mental alertness, hypersensitivity to sight, sound, and touch, irritability,  paranoia, extreme and unreasonable distrust of others. The long term effects are, when you snorting: loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, frequent runny nose, and problems with swallowing. When you consuming by mouth: severe bowel decay from reduced blood flow. Lastly when you use a needle injection: higher risk for contracting HIV, hepatitis C, and other bloodborne diseases. However, some people that are involved with non-needle cocaine use place themselves at a risk for HIV and AIDS because cocaine impairs judgment, which can lead to risky sexual behavior with infected partners    Cocaine has a very long and historical past in how it has involved from being the oldest plant in South America to being one of the deadliest and most trafficked drug in world history.  The drug cocaine comes from coca plant in South America which is the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin. Over three thousand years ago, the ancient incas in the Andes mountains range used cocaine to get their heart racing and to speed up their breathing to counter the effects of living in higher altitude. Then, the native Peruvians used the coca leaves only for religious ceremonies until Spanish soldiers invaded Peru in 1532. Forced Indian laborers in Spanish silver mines were kept supplied with coca leaves because it made them easier to control and exploit. The drug cocaine was first isolated from the coca plant in 1859 by a German chemist named Albert Niemann. Also, it wasn’t till the 1800s when the drug cocaine was used for medical treatment. In 1884, an Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, who also used the drug himself, was the first person to boldly promote cocaine as a medicine to cure depression and sexual temptation, he published an article called “Über Coca” which mean about coke which promoted the uses of cocaine, and calling it a fascinating substance. Freud, however, was not a very objective observer. He proceeded to do cocaine regularly, and he constantly prescribed it to his girlfriend and his best friend and Freud highly recommended it for general use. In the year of 1886, the popularity of the drug cocaine got a heavy boosted when John Pemberton when he started to use coca leaves as an ingredient in his new soft drink, Coca-Cola. The euphoric and energizing effects on the consumer helped to skyrocket the popularity of Coca-Cola by the turn of the century. The drug Cocaine uses in society increased and the dangers of the drug became evidently well known. Pressure from the public forced the Coca-Cola company to remove the cocaine from the soft drink in 1903. By the year 1905 cocaine had become so popular and used so much that hospital had to start reporting cases of nasal damage. In 1912 there were 5,000 cocaine related deaths and then in 1922 the drug was officially banned and made illegal.  In the 1970s, cocaine emerged as the fashionable new drug for entertainers and businesspeople. It Provided energy and helped people stay awake.  At a few American universities, the percentage of students who experimented with cocaine increased decimals between 1970 and 1980. But in the late 1970s, The Colombian kingpins started trafficking drugs into the United States by setting up a network for smuggling cocaine into the USA in different ways. By the late 1980s, this drug was no longer thought of as the drug of choice for the rich and powerful. By this time, cocaine had the bad reputation of America’s most deadly and addictive drug, put together with poverty, crime and death. By the early 1990s, the Colombian drug cartels produced and exported 500 to 800 tons of uncut Colombian cocaine every single year, shipping not only to the US but also to Europe and Asia. By the mid 1990s The larger cartels were dismantled by law enforcement agencies. In the year of 2008, cocaine had become the second most trafficked illegal drug in the world.   The drug Cocaine is highly addictive drug because It stimulates an important pleasure centers in the brain and causes extremely heightened euphoria. Oppressive crack uses develops soon after the person starts using, because the drug is smoked and goes directly into the bloodstream very quickly. A tolerance for the drug develops quickly the addict soon fails to achieve the same high experienced earlier from the same amount of crack cocaine so users will buy more cocaine and use more cocaine. Cocaine has a lot of withdrawal symptoms both mentally and physically: Difficulty concentrating, fatigue or exhaustion, anhedonia, or the inability to feel pleasure, inability to experience sexual arousal, Depression or anxiety, Physical symptoms, such as chills, tremors, muscle aches, and nerve pain, Suicidal thoughts or actions, Increased craving for cocaine, Increased appetite, vivid, unpleasant dreams or nightmares, Slowed activity, or physical fatigue after activity, slower thinking, and lastly restlessness. Cocaine has a lot of interesting facts about itself and the effects it has on people and the world. In 2007 in the federal courts 5,477 were found guilty of cocaine related crimes, more than 95% were drug trafficking related. In a 2006 US National Survey on Drug Use and Health shows that 8.6 million Americans aged 12 and older reported having used crack. Among those 18 to 25, 6.9% of those surveyed said they had used cocaine (including crack) within the last year. The 2007 US Government’s Monitoring the Future survey found that among high-school students, 3.2% of twelfth graders had used crack cocaine at some point in their lives. In the United States, crack cocaine was the primary drug of abuse in 178,475 admissions to treatment in 2006. This represented 71% of all primary cocaine admissions to treatment that year. In Honolulu, Hawaii 11.6% of those arrested used crack in the previous week. also in Atlanta, Georgia 49.8% of those arrested used crack in the past. The country of Scotland has the highest cocaine use of any other country in the world. One in 40 Scots use the drug, or about 2.4% of the population. In the United States, cocaine is about $150 per pure gram. More than 400,000 babies are born addicted to cocaine each year in the U.S. Every day, 2,500 Americans try cocaine for the first time. The biggest cocaine bust ever in the country of Columbia on November 7th, 2017 when  Police seized more than 12 tons of cocaine from Colombia’s top crime gang on Wednesday, “the biggest haul ever in the nation’s long-running fight against drug trafficking,” President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia said. The cocaine, with a U.S. market value estimated by Santos at about of $360 million, was found stored underground on four farms in a banana-growing region of northwest Antioquia province, near Colombia’s border with Panama.

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