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The purpose of a criminal justice system is to reprimand those who have broken the law while maintaining societal order. However, nothing manufactured by humans is without flaw. There have been instances of corruption in the criminal justice system, which can drastically alter the outcome of numerous cases. Over the past few decades, government officials in various countries have begun to recognize the issues caused by corruption and have created anti-corruption plans and institutions. Despite these efforts, corruption has remained present around the world. The presence of corruption in criminal justice systems around the world jeopardizes the safety of the people, continues the cycle of crime, and challenges the idea of what is fundamentally a fair system. “…all countries, no matter what their political or cultural history, have police forces, all have courts of law, and all have prisons,” (Newman, et al. 1993). It is reasonable to assume, then, that every legal system functions, fundamentally, in the same manner. Every criminal justice system is able to function due to the compliance of the people. There are a few theories to explain why people generally comply with authority, one of which being the principle of audience legitimacy. This can be defined as the perceived effectiveness of authority figures by “audience members,” or citizens, of a given country, (Bottoms and Tankebe, 132-133). Personal morality may also play a role in citizen compliance. However, no one can say with certainty why people tend to comply with the law. The compliance of the people with law enforcement officials begins to decline as corruption grows in prevalence. “…even a small number of corruption cases in the judicial system will negatively impact the public because it is precisely this system that punishes corruption in other sectors. This leads to a decrease in public confidence in the justice system and strengthens doubts about the purpose justice serves,” (Danilet, 53).Corruption of the legal system is a major factor in the disruption of this compliance. The most accurate definition of corruption is “the abuse of entrusted power for personal gain,” (Transparency International). It can be difficult to define this term in regard to the criminal justice system since corruption comes in many forms, some of which are rarely even regarded as such. The four main types of corruption that appear during the criminal trial process are political interference; extortion of victims, witnesses, or officials; nepotism that benefits those close to the case; and misuse of court funds and resources, (Schütte, Sofie Arjon, et al., 29). These general categories can be broken down further to be more specific, but listing every potential form of corruption may be impossible. In nearly all cases, the countries that are the most dangerous to live in are those with the most corruption. The 2017 Global Peace Index (GPI) report analyzed how peaceful various countries were according to various factors such as safety and security, militarisation, internal conflict, and even neighboring country relations. These indicators were measured, then each of the 163 countries included in the report were assigned scores and rankings. The five highest-ranking countries overall were, in descending order, Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, and Denmark (10). The lowest-ranking countries on the list include Yemen, South Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, and lastly, Syria (11). These results can be compared to the results of Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index (CPI). The 176 countries included were scored based on a scale from zero to one hundred, zero being the most corrupt and one hundred being the least, then were ranked according to their score. Denmark and Switzerland were tied for first, followed by Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland (Transparency International). The countries at the bottom of the list were Libya, Sudan and Yemen, which were tied at 170, followed by Syria, North Korea, Sudan, and Somalia (Transparency International). Clearly, the countries did not correlate exactly in their GPI and CPI rankings. However, there are quite a few similarities that can be observed. Denmark ranked in the top five of each of these lists, and Yemen, Sudan, and Syria were amongst the lowest-ranking countries on each list. Iceland, the most peaceful country, was ranked within the top twenty on the CPI. However, while most countries had similar ranks in terms of peace and corruption, there was a notable exception to the rule. The United States, which is ranked eighteen on the CPI, is ranked at 114 on the GPI. This rank, which is eleven positions lower than in 2016, is credited to an increase in internal conflict, homicide rates, and “a declining level of trust in government and other citizens which has generated a deterioration in the score for level of perceived criminality in society,” (16). Nearly all other countries, though had very similar rankings, demonstrating a significant correlation between amount of corruption, and peace and safety. One way in which corruption can cause societies to become more dangerous is by continuing the cycle of crime. In a criminal justice system that is free of corruption, the criminal process will proceed in the manner in which it is intended to, meaning about eleven steps will be followed, depending on the complexity of the case. (Steps in the Federal…). Simply put, if


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