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The of social revolutions throughout history. The

The conflict theory of Karl Marx (1818-1883), German economist,
historian, and philosopher, is one of the most captivating to me. It focuses on
the causes and consequences of conflicts between different classes of society:
the capitalists (the owners of production factories) and the proletariat (the laborers).
His theory was derived from inequalities in economic, social, and political
spheres where the powerful minority exercised more rights that the oppressed
poor. Marx saw scarcity and uneven distribution of material, political, and
social resources among classes in society. He predicted that at some point a society
would compete for food and housing, leisure time, employment, and education. He
noticed that such institutions like education, government, and religion
maintained equal social structure benefiting mainly bourgeoisie. The resources
were unfairly divided between two classes which inevitably lead to the proletariat

  Marx believed
that these conflicts were consistently a part of social revolutions throughout
history. The revolutions were prevalent as a result of one class dominating the
other one. For example, before the Industrial Revolution, people were able to
distinguish themselves with their product. There were many people who
specialized in their trade. After the Industrial Revolution, people became alienated
from the product, self, and society. Marx believed that as long a there is
alienation in society, an individual has no power over his/her actions. Alienation
from the product of one’s labor, alienation from the process of one’s labor,
and alienation from others has a negative impact on a society. It leads to a
loss of connectivity between an occupation and a worker. Instead of being able
to take pride of your trade, a person is simply a cog in the big machine.

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 Furthermore, Marx’s colleague and friend, Frederick
Engels, wrote that the conditions of where working class worked were “far from black
enough to convey a true impression of the filth, ruin, and uninhabitableness,
the defiance of all considerations of cleanliness, ventilation, and health
which characterize the construction of the single district, containing at least
twenty to thirty thousand inhabitants” (Engels, 1844). If you add to this exposure
to extreme heat, cold, toxic chemicals, the use of child labor, long hours or
work, it is no wonder that Marc and Engels were referring to capitalism as an
ideal system where individual people and companies have rights to own factories
instead of dictatorship bourgeoisie. Marx was theorizing that as long as
socio-economic conditions begin worse for the poor class, the proletariat will
try to increase awareness of their exploitation by rich bourgeoisie. It would
lead to revolt and eventual conflict between two classes with two opposite life
styles. The higher the gap between two classes, the stronger would the
attitudes against each other would develop. According to Marx, if the economic,
social, and political changes would relieve the tension between two classes
while maintaining a capitalist system, the conflict would repeat itself.
However, if the were a new system in place, like socialism, then it would create
peace and stability among the two classes. It would create more beneficial
relationships between two classes which allow society to express full humanness.




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