The hierarchical system of organization and management of terrorist organizations, bearing an extreme-religious “load”, is deeply echeloned and conspired. Their organizational chart and structure are globalized and located in different parts of the world. Also, when they achieve their insidious goals, they are not deprived of the opportunity to use the achievements of modern communication technology and communication. Groups that recognize the need for organization and discipline, as a rule, have a hierarchical structure and several functional levels. For such an organization, there is a clear separation of the leading echelon and personnel, the separation of decision-makers from rank-and-file members. Management is perceived as existing outside the group and is not only inaccessible, but also often unknown to ordinary members. A typical organization is arranged in the form of a pyramid (“A Military Guide,” 2007). It includes both people supporting terrorist operations, and those who perform them, and the numerical strength of the former is several times greater than the latter. Consequently, the majority of people involved in terrorist organizations only support the survival of terrorists themselves.
I should agree with the point of view of the American researcher J. Fraser that a lot of the terrorist groups use the hierarchical structure that can be divided into 4 types of organization (Fraser & Fulton, 1984).
The smallest group is the top responsible for leadership. The leaders develop “policies and plans; approve goals and objectives; provide a guidance for operations” (“A Military Guide,” 2007). The leaders of the terrorist organizations usually do not openly communicate with their members, the same as they do not perform daily operational control either. The second level in the hierarchy is “operational cadre”. Cadres are those people, who are usually called “terrorists”. They are responsible for a “dirty job”. Depending on the size of the organization, each cadre terrorist may have one or more specialties in the asset. Other terrorists support these professionals, but active participants are the striking force of a terrorist group. It is important to emphasize that, after the command structure, active terrorists make up the smallest part of the organization in most terrorist structures. Following the “active cadres” next group are “active supporters”. Any group can organize an explosion or kidnapping, but effective support is needed to carry out a campaign of explosions and kidnappings (“A Military Guide,” 2007). Active supporters give terrorists the opportunity to actively act. They provide “safehaven houses, financial contributions, medical assistance” (“A Military Guide”, 2007). The last group is the “passive supporters” of the organization. This group usually just supports the goals of the terrorist’s organizations, but they are not actively involved in them. If we are talking about the so-called left-wing terrorism, then most often – it’s young people under the age of 30 years. When a terrorist group can create political support, it will have a fairly large number of passive supporters. When most members of society alienate its business, passive support is reduced.