Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

The the United States would fulfill its

The Mexican-American War provided both positive and negative revolutionary changes because for the first time in the United State’s history a slew of non-whites were able to become citizens. However, despite granted citizenship,  inhabitants of the future southwestern US would face trouble. With the addition of the transcontinental railroad, the United States would fulfill its “sea to shining destiny” and be able to grant what God wanted settlers to spread the vision of light, even though Mexicans and Indians were not part of the plan; they were seen as inferiors and need to be civilized. Moreover, the Mexican- American War did allow the United States of America to achieve its God-given destiny of civilizing the continent “from sea to shining sea” for said reasons. The United States’ unforseen power and influence was of no surprise given the context of the English and the Spaniards extremely tense relationship. By the 1600s, Spain had to swallow a horse pill and undoubtedly come to the starkening realizations that they no longer were the richest or the most powerful, and they no longer could hold down their forts in the Spanish American empire because of the vendetta Indians held against the white man. However, by using defensive expansion, Spain was able to create the southwestern U.S. as well as a plethora of meztizos-holding both spanish and indian principles- willing to fight for both their cultures (Spanish and Indian). An example of Spain’s use of defensive expansion is the existence of missions such as the Mission of San Antonio de Valero. Missions like this one were made by wealthy individuals who were given money by the Spanish government to create a franchise of missions with a mission (pun intended) to Christianize local indians making them loyal to Spain. Preparing for a nonexistent war with England, Spain received an uprise of educated reformers in the early 1800s due to their frustration of European rule. Among these reformers was Fray Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla who was exiled to Dolores, Mexico and started a revolution with the famous “Grito de Dolores”. In 1821, Mexican Independence was won from Spain and the new Republic of Mexico was created similarly as well as contrasting to the United States. Mexico embraced a unifying culture with an official language and religion that did not mirror the U.S.’ image of being different. Agustin Iturbide, the hero of the revolution, decided to get out of the Mexican military and become Emperor Agustin I, but was sent into exile. Giving the U.S. false hope of having accepted Democracy, Mexico produces the Constitution of 1824 where General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana, defender of the constitution, was the worst of the worst and he knew it. In turn, Santa Ana gave the Mexican people trade offs in the form of entrepreneurs that could copy U.S. capitalist models in efforts to also bring people from the U.S. But these entrepreneurs could not be trusted because if they could accept leaving everyone they knew and converting religions for money, they could not be trusted. Because of mutual distrust, the empresarios or entrepreneurs banded together and created the republic of Texas, but since they almost went broke, the leaders of this republic pleaded leaders of the U.S. to annex them, which they did.Once Texas was annexed, U.S. leaders believed that Texas was not bankrupt but rather Mexico was keeping all the riches for themselves. Underhandedly promoting a war, president James K. Polk sent John Slidell to Mexico. On April 25, 1846, Mexico went to war with the United States who had attacked from three sides which left Mexico hopeless. Ordering a massacre on young boys of a military school, General Winfield Scott gave everlasting  proof to Mexicans that Americans would do whatever needed to get anything they want. Despite warring over territory, Mexico and the U.S. have created a relationship, although sometimes forced, in the early 20th century. The Mexican-American war was a bloody battle for the Mexicans, and under pity, they were “granted rights” same as any U.S. citizen. In the 1960s the chicano movement took place where chicanos wanted the conquered region to be called Aztlan after the Aztec name meaning heaven on earth. There were still many controversies over the land as well as suffering and pain experienced by westward expansion. In essence, the Mexican- American War did allow the United States of America to achieve its God-given destiny of civilizing the continent “from sea to shining sea” because it allowed the U.S. to gain the territory needed in order to continue Westward expansion. Without acquiring the land, the U.S. would not have been able to achieve the destiny God had given.


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