Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

Tunisia and Lybia to the southeast. Tunisia

Tunisia is a country in North
Africa which is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east,
Algeria to the west and southwest and Lybia to the southeast. Tunisia has a great
environmental diversity. Forestscovered 12, 60%of the country’s total area.

 Tunisia contains a variety ofmountains;theAtlas
Mountains in the northwest are the most rich in terms of unique plants and
animal species. In the South, the Sahara Desert extends over approximately
164000 km2. (Wikipedia)

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Tunisia is considered a place
of interest and a target destination par excellence for many visitors. BBC
report done by Jeremy Howell (April 2013), insisted on the growing of a new
sector of tourism which is ecotourism especially after 2011 revolution. Since
Ecotourism has become quite popular in Tunisia, visitors started to come and
spend more time in the Sahara, parks and camping centersrather than hotels and
closed places.

In an article in
Afrigatenews.net (November 2016) entitled ” Eco-tourism in Tunisia: a Step
towards Green Economy”, the writer insists on the emergence of investement
in ecotourism in Tunisia. He mentions the example of an entertainment center”First
Club” that was established by LotfiEllajmi in Rades, Tunis with the
purpose of respecting the environment. According to the Tunisian Minister of
Environment, ecotourism is based on some principles. The most important ones
are; a responsible touristic product with limited environmental impact, giving
benefits to local communities and improving the concept of sustainable tourism.
Nabil Hamada, a General Director of Environment and Quality of Life at the
Ministry of Tourism, told the Anadolu Agency “Nature tourism is based
primarly on the components of nature or on natural systems such as National
Parks and forests…. It is one of the tributaries of ecotourism in Tunisia.”
He adds that Tunisia “contains 44 Protected Areas that represent an
important potential for the promotion of the environmental tourism sector in
the country.”

In “Ecotourism in
Tunisia betweenReality and Hope” in Le Maghreb newspaper, Errezgui Mohsen affirms
that Tunisia is an attractive ecotourism destination because it contains vast
forests in the north and avast desert in the south .Despitethe absence of governmental policies related to ecotourism, various
structures abroad the Minister of Tourism started to promote Green tourism.
After that, in 2005, the state started to set up a series of studies and
legislations concerning ecotourism.

Tunisia contains places that are popukaras
destinations of ecotourism, andJendouba is one of those destinations.

 

 

2.3
Ecotourism in Jendouba:

 

Jendouba is a city in the
north-west Tunisia. This place is popular for its green spaces and natural
landscapes that is why it turned into a popular ecotourism destination. Jendouba
represents a destination to people who leave crowded spaces behind tendtoexperience
greensettings. Places like Aindrahem, BniMtir, Tabarka, El-FeijaandAin-Soltane
are known for their natural landscapes.

Jendouba caters to different
preferences; lovers of archeology can travel to the ancient Roman city ofBullaregia
or even the archeological museum of Chemtou. Visitors can also take a walk in
the mountains of AinDrahem, enjoy a Sunday barbecue in Bni-Mtir with family and
friends, or can pay a visit to El-Feija and Ain-Soltane.

2.4
Case study: El- Feija andAin-Soltane

2.4.1
Overview about the Region:

 

El-feija and Ain-Soltane are
two regions in the north-west of Tunisia, 49 km from Jendouba and 17 km from
Ghardimaou.There is a large number of forests located inside and around the tworegions.

El-Feija is a place which is
well known for its high and vast mountains. The Mountains of El-Feija are
characterized by the presence of a National Reserve which is home to many rare
species of animals particularly the Atlantic deer.

El-Feija is also
characterized by the presence of a watchtower known as “Kaf-al-Naqshah” which represents the highest
point in the region .Thanks to the watchtower it is possible then to see the
city of Ghardimaou and its borders as well as a part of theAlgerian territory.
In addition, El-Feija contains an environmental museum containing the animal
figurines in the region. As far as Ain-Soltane is concerned, the region is
famous for its natural springs. It has also many caves like “Damous-El
–Khangah”. The cavern contains a pool that can be used by swimmers in summer.

In addition to lakes and “damous-el-Khangah”, Ain-Soltane has a camping center.
The center welcomes a large number of visitors who want to spend the night
outdoors.According to M.rSami Mersni; Director of the Camping Center, the
number of nights spent at the center has increased from 1787 in 2012 to 11202
in 2017.

In El-Feija and Ain-Soltane,
nature contributes to the local lifestyle.For instance, women in the region use
springs to wash their families’clothes and clean their wares. In addition, the
inhabitants rely on the forest to survive; they use wood to bake breads, to
make firein winter because of the very cold weather. On the whole, all of these
characteristics make the region a destination for many visitors.

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